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February 16, 2012

Arctic
A Strategy to Advance the Arctic Economy

The United States needs to develop a comprehensive strategy for the Arctic. Melting sea ice is generating an emerging Arctic economy. Nations bordering the Arctic are drilling for oil and gas, and mi…

A Strategy to Advance the Arctic Economy header

March 7, 2012

Cuba
Addressing the Risk of a Cuban Oil Spill

The imminent drilling of Cuba's first offshore oil well raises the prospect of a large-scale oil spill in Cuban waters washing onto U.S. shores. Washington should anticipate this possibility by imple…

Addressing the Risk of a Cuban Oil Spill header

October 17, 2019

Defense and Security
Funding the Nuclear Triad to Deter Great Power Adversaries

Captain Brian L. Sittlow is a naval officer, specializing in submarines, and a military fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of th…

Following a strategic deterrence patrol, the Ohio-class ballistic-missile submarine USS Alaska returns to its homeport at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Georgia, U.S. in this April 2, 2019 handout photo.

October 11, 2019

United States
Happy 244th Birthday to the U.S. Navy!

The U.S. Navy turns 244 years-old this weekend. On October 13, 1775, the Continental Congress commissioned two ships, each with eighty sailors, “for intercepting such transports as may be laden with …

U.S. Navy

September 30, 2019

News Release
CFR Welcomes Visiting Fellows

September 30, 2019—The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) welcomes the 2019–20 visiting fellows to the David Rockefeller Studies Program. Selected fellows have the opportunity to broaden their perspe…

September 20, 2019

Global Governance
Five Centuries after Magellan, Globalization Needs to Grow Up—and Fast

On this anniversary of Magellan's first expedition to circumnavigate the globe, we should reflect on the trajectory globalization has taken—and adopt a more cosmopolitan approach to life on our shrin…

17th Century Map

August 19, 2019

Military Operations
Sea Power: The U.S. Navy and Foreign Policy

The U.S. Navy’s dominance of the world’s oceans has made it an indispensable foreign policy tool as well as a guarantor of global trade, but a mix of challenges is raising difficult questions about i…

A U.S. cruiser and aircraft carrier during a replenishment-at-sea.

August 16, 2019

Afghanistan
Afghanistan Endgame, Part Two: How Does This War End?

Should the Haqqani network manage a collapse of the Afghan government, Pakistan threatens to make winning the next war more difficult than previous ones.

u.s. united states troops afghanistan haqqani network taliban

August 14, 2019

Afghanistan
Afghanistan Endgame, Part One: Is Sirajuddin Haqqani Ready for Peace?

In peace talks with the Afghan Taliban, the United States should not fail to address the evolution of the Haqqani-al-Qaeda nexus.

haqqani network drone attack afghanistan khyber pakhtunkhwa taliban

August 13, 2019

Nigeria
Making Military Reform and Civilian Oversight a Reality in Nigeria

Nigeria returned to democracy in 1999, after two long periods of military rule—1966–79 and 1983–98—during which the military wielded executive, legislative, and judicial power. This has left a historical legacy of a powerful military used to doing whatever it wants with no questions asked. On return to democracy, it also left the country with a political class that is wary of military power, and unwilling and unable to impose democratic civilian oversight of the military. 

Three Nigerian soldiers stand in front of a thatch hut and a tank in full fear.