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December 17, 2018

United States
U.S. Confrontations With Iran and China Among Top Potential Conflicts in 2019, According to CFR Survey

December 17, 2018—The possibility of conflict between the United States and Iran as well as between the United States and China constitute two of the greatest threats to peace in 2019 and warrant hei…

PPS 2019

December 17, 2018

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 8–14

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger between December 8 to 14.

Nigeria-Boko-Haram-Terrorism-Security-Tracker

December 17, 2018

Conflict Prevention
Preventive Priorities Survey: 2019

U.S. foreign policy experts assess the likelihood and impact of thirty potential crises or conflicts around the world in the coming year in CFR’s annual survey.

PPS 2019 Cover Venezuela

December 14, 2018

Sub-Saharan Africa
Africans Comprise a Large and Growing Share of Migrants to Europe

The European Commission has announced that that migrant and refugee arrivals in Europe via the Mediterranean Sea number 134,004 in as of December 5, 2018, down from 179,536 during the same period in 2017. The year that saw the highest number of arrivals, 1,015,078, was 2015. While Italy experienced the biggest drop, arrivals actually increased in Spain and Greece. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan have remained the largest countries of origin since 2014; since then, almost one million Syrians have sought asylum in the EU/Europe

Migrants-Libya-Africa-Europe

December 13, 2018

Burkina Faso
Islamist Terrorism Spreads to Eastern Burkina Faso

On December 3, police officers killed six terrorists after a security patrol was ambushed in eastern Burkina Faso. Reports from the country in the past year point to a worrying sign that the spread of Islamist terrorism continues unabated in the West African country.

Burkina-Faso-Terrorism-East

December 12, 2018

Nigeria
Doing Business in Nigeria's Northeast, the Land of Boko Haram

On December 10, the Financial Times published a fascinating article by Neil Munshi, dateline Maiduguri, on how honest businesses have adapted to operating in areas affected by Boko Haram. Specifically, Munshi cites Coca-Cola, Unilvever, and MTN, and telecommunications company. Since multinational forces dislodged Boko Haram from holding territory in 2015, the three have expanded their operations and their markets in Nigeria’s northeast.

Nigeria-Maiduguri-Business-Market

December 12, 2018

Women and Economic Growth
A Conversation on Financial Inclusion With World Bank CEO Kristalina Georgieva

Kristalina Georgieva, Chief Executive Officer of the World Bank, discusses legal and regulatory disparities in access to and usage of formal financial institutions and highlight how well designed dig…

Play A Conversation on Financial Inclusion With World Bank CEO Kristalina Georgieva

December 11, 2018

South Africa
South Africa's New Director of Public Prosecutions

President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa selected Shamila Batohi to the new national director of public prosecutions (NDPP) for a single ten-year term. As NDPP, Batohi will head the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA), which, as its name implies, determines who to prosecute and who not to prosecute on behalf of the state. 

South-Africa-Shamila-Batohi-Ramaphosa-NDPP-Corruption

December 10, 2018

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 1–7

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger between December 1 to 7.

Nigeria-Boko-Haram-Terrorism-Security-Tracker

December 7, 2018

Nigeria
Nigerian Police Are in Desperate Need of Reform

There are numerous proposals for police reform in Nigeria. One such reform, which has the support of some governors, is the creation of state police forces to replace or augment the NPF. In the north, vigilante groups, most notably members of the Civilian Joint Task Force, have an established presence in their communities and can be effective instruments of law enforcement, though they are not entirely accountable.

Nigeria-Police-Reform-Corruption