AI Meets World, Part Two

The rapid emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) has brought lawmakers and industry leaders to the same conclusion: regulation is necessary to ensure the technology changes the world for the better. The similarities could end there, as governments and industry clash on what those laws should do, and different governments take increasingly divergent approaches. What are the stakes of the debate over AI regulation?

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Host
  • Gabrielle Sierra
    Director, Podcasting
Credits

Asher Ross - Supervising Producer

Markus Zakaria - Audio Producer and Sound Designer

Molly McAnany - Associate Podcast Producer

Episode Guests
  • Sebastian Mallaby
    Paul A. Volcker Senior Fellow for International Economics
  • Janet Haven
    Executive Director, Data & Society, Member, National AI Advisory Committee to the White House

Show Notes

Governments seeking to regulate artificial intelligence (AI) face a classic trade-off between regulation and innovation. But in the case of this new, potentially world-changing technology, that trade-off has another dimension: geopolitical competition. 

 

Governments aiming to regulate AI are also intent on developing a lead (or not getting left behind) in a technology that experts say has pivotal military applications. As a result, the world’s three largest economies are pursuing increasingly different regulatory regimes. The European Union has been the quickest to introduce regulations, while the United States has taken a wait-and-see approach. Meanwhile, China stipulates that its AI must “reflect the core values of socialism,” even as Beijing frames AI innovation as a national priority. As their paths diverge, the regulations chosen by these governments are likely to frame AI development—and with it geopolitics—in the decades to come.

 

 

From CFR

 

Connor Fairman, “How to Prioritize the Next Generation of Critical Technologies,” Net Politics

 

Seaton Huang, “Tracking the Race to Develop Generative AI Technologies in China,” Net Politics

 

Pragya Jain, “The Importance of International Norms in Artificial Intelligence Ethics,” Net Politics


 

From Our Guests

 

Jenna Burrell and Janet Haven, “AI Harms Are Already Here,” Data & Society: Points

 

Janet Haven, “AI Bill of Rights: What Critics Get Right and Wrong,” Context

 

 

Read More

 

Alex Engler, “The EU and U.S. Diverge on AI Regulation: A Transatlantic Comparison and Steps to Alignment,” Brookings Institution

 

Andrew R. Chow and Billy Perrigo, “The AI Arms Race Is Changing Everything,” TIME

 

Janna Anderson and Lee Rainie, “Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Humans,” Pew Research Center

 

Matt O’Shaughnessy and Hadrien Pouget, “Reconciling the U.S. Approach to AI,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace


 

Watch and Listen

 

Artificial Intelligence: Uses and Regulation By Local Government,” CFR.org

 

Shannon Bond and Miles Parks, “AI Deepfakes Could Advance Misinformation in the Run-Up to the 2024 Election,” NPR

India

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is the most popular man in India. On track to be elected for a third term, he has transformed the country’s economy and global standing while silencing dissent and galvanizing majoritarian support for his Hindu nationalist agenda—all while growing closer to the United States. How could Hindu nationalism reshape India?

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In a wide-ranging conversation, Foreign Affairs Editor Dan Kurtz-Phelan joins Why It Matters to discuss nonpartisan publishing in a polarized political climate, the state of press freedom around the world, and the future of journalism.

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Thirty years ago, Rwanda’s government began a campaign to eradicate the country’s largest minority group. In just one hundred days in 1994, roving militias killed around eight hundred thousand people. Would-be killers were incited to violence by the radio, which encouraged extremists to take to the streets with machetes. The United Nations stood by amid the bloodshed, and many foreign governments, including the United States, declined to intervene before it was too late. What got in the way of humanitarian intervention? And as violent conflict now rages at a clip unseen since then, can the international community learn from the mistakes of its past?

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