AI Meets World, Part Two

The rapid emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) has brought lawmakers and industry leaders to the same conclusion: regulation is necessary to ensure the technology changes the world for the better. The similarities could end there, as governments and industry clash on what those laws should do, and different governments take increasingly divergent approaches. What are the stakes of the debate over AI regulation?

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  • Gabrielle Sierra
    Director, Podcasting

Asher Ross - Supervising Producer

Markus Zakaria - Audio Producer and Sound Designer

Molly McAnany - Associate Podcast Producer

Episode Guests
  • Sebastian Mallaby
    Paul A. Volcker Senior Fellow for International Economics
  • Janet Haven
    Executive Director, Data & Society, Member, National AI Advisory Committee to the White House

Show Notes

Governments seeking to regulate artificial intelligence (AI) face a classic trade-off between regulation and innovation. But in the case of this new, potentially world-changing technology, that trade-off has another dimension: geopolitical competition. 


Governments aiming to regulate AI are also intent on developing a lead (or not getting left behind) in a technology that experts say has pivotal military applications. As a result, the world’s three largest economies are pursuing increasingly different regulatory regimes. The European Union has been the quickest to introduce regulations, while the United States has taken a wait-and-see approach. Meanwhile, China stipulates that its AI must “reflect the core values of socialism,” even as Beijing frames AI innovation as a national priority. As their paths diverge, the regulations chosen by these governments are likely to frame AI development—and with it geopolitics—in the decades to come.



From CFR


Connor Fairman, “How to Prioritize the Next Generation of Critical Technologies,” Net Politics


Seaton Huang, “Tracking the Race to Develop Generative AI Technologies in China,” Net Politics


Pragya Jain, “The Importance of International Norms in Artificial Intelligence Ethics,” Net Politics


From Our Guests


Jenna Burrell and Janet Haven, “AI Harms Are Already Here,” Data & Society: Points


Janet Haven, “AI Bill of Rights: What Critics Get Right and Wrong,” Context



Read More


Alex Engler, “The EU and U.S. Diverge on AI Regulation: A Transatlantic Comparison and Steps to Alignment,” Brookings Institution


Andrew R. Chow and Billy Perrigo, “The AI Arms Race Is Changing Everything,” TIME


Janna Anderson and Lee Rainie, “Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Humans,” Pew Research Center


Matt O’Shaughnessy and Hadrien Pouget, “Reconciling the U.S. Approach to AI,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace


Watch and Listen


Artificial Intelligence: Uses and Regulation By Local Government,”


Shannon Bond and Miles Parks, “AI Deepfakes Could Advance Misinformation in the Run-Up to the 2024 Election,” NPR

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