About the Expert
Zongyuan Zoe Liu is a fellow for international political economy at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Her work focuses on international political economy, global financial markets, sovereign wealth funds, supply chains of critical minerals, development finance, emerging markets, energy and climate change policy, and East Asia-Middle East relations. Dr. Liu’s regional expertise is in East Asia, specifically China and Japan, and the Middle East, specifically Gulf Cooperation Council countries. Dr. Liu is the author of Can BRICS De-dollarize the Global Financial System? (Cambridge University Press) and Sovereign Funds: How the Communist Party of China Finances its Global Ambitions (Harvard University Press, forthcoming 2023).
Prior to joining CFR, Dr. Liu was an instructional assistant professor at Texas A&M’s Bush School of Government and Public Service in Washington, DC, where she taught courses on global economy, economic statecraft, and Chinese foreign policy. She joined the Bush School after post-doctoral fellowships at the Columbia-Harvard “China and the World Program” and the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy at the Fletcher School at Tufts University.
Dr. Liu was a research fellow at the Edwin O. Reischauer Center for East Asian Studies and a research associate at the NYU Stern Center for Sustainable Business. She was also a visiting research fellow at the Institute for International Monetary Affairs in Tokyo, Bank of Mitsubishi-UFJ, and the Delma Institute in Abu Dhabi. She taught courses on Asian energy security and political risk analysis at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.
Dr. Liu received her PhD in international relations from Johns Hopkins University and her MA in international relations from the George Washington University Elliott School of International Studies. She received her BA in history from Shandong Normal University in Jinan, China. Dr. Liu is also a CFA charterholder.
- Johns Hopkins University, adjunct professor
There are multiple ways to bolster the security of U.S. critical mineral supply chains, such as the mining, processing, and application of minerals, among others. Pushing China to be a disruptor is not one of them.
Nuclear energy can help the United States decarbonize its economic growth while protecting its farmland and food security.
The PBoC has fine-tuned its mortgage rates policy to stabilize housing prices, but not without unintended consequences.
The collapse of SVB is a reminder that the fastest way for the United States to cede ground in the present era of great power competition is to debase its financial system and relinquish its global financial leadership position.
In 2023, China’s economic recovery will depend on the ability of the government to stimulate domestic consumption and on the resilience of Chinese households.
Many Chinese people who grew up in the 1990s will not only remember Jiang Zemin for overseeing China’s entry into the World Trade Organization but also for introducing them to the film Titanic.
The U.S. government should streamline U.S. nuclear export licensing procedures and improve financing options to revive American leadership in the global nuclear energy market.
Russia’s de-dollarization efforts mean that China and India can help Russia skirt sanctions by jointly building an alternative global financial system, but they risk facing severe consequences on their own financial entities.