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December 5, 2022

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
A Guide to Global COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts

The swift development of effective vaccines against COVID-19 was an unprecedented scientific achievement. But production challenges, vaccine nationalism, and new variants have all presented hurdles.

Physician Alister Martin receives one of the first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., December 16, 2020.Craig F. Walker

November 18, 2022

Economics
Is Industrial Policy Making a Comeback?

The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the rise of China have prompted renewed debate about the U.S. government’s role in shaping the economy.

Workers assemble Ford vehicles at the Chicago Assembly Plant in Chicago, Illinois.

May 15, 2020

United States
The Irish Shock to U.S. Manufacturing?

 Over the last fifteen years, U.S. production of pharmaceuticals has fallen while imports have soared. It is worth asking why.   

The Irish Shock to U.S. Manufacturing?

October 20, 2022

Globalization
CFR Fellows’ Book Launch Series: The Globalization Myth: Why Regions Matter By Shannon K. O'Neil

The conventional wisdom about globalization is wrong. When companies, money, people, and ideas went abroad more often than not they went regional. The Globalization Myth details the rise of three …

Play Shipping port

November 16, 2022

Globalization
The Globalization Myth: Why Regions Matter

Teaching Notes for Toxic Politics, authored by CFR Senior Fellow Yanzhong Huang, discuss how China’s environmental crisis is undermining public health and becoming an Achilles heel in its reemergence as a global power.

The Globalization Myth: Why Regions Matter Teaching Notes image.

September 17, 2019

Americas
China’s Manufacturing Loss Should Be Mexico’s Gain

But President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is wasting the opportunity.

GENERAL MOTORS: GM projected $1 billion extra costs this year for tariffs and raw materials. Steel and aluminum prices have eased, but prices for other commodities such as palladium have risen, it said.

November 4, 2022

Renewing America
The Globalization Myth

Globalization is taking a beating. Its diminishing number of defenders face a rising chorus of critics, particularly in the United States, that blame it for wage stagnation, increased inequality, and…

A container ship at a busy port. This image features at the top of Shannon O'Neil's article "The globalization myth" published in the Hill.

August 13, 2019

China
When it Comes to Exporting (Manufactures), Europe is Now the One from Mars

Manufacturing exports are about three times more important to the euro area than to the U.S. economy. That's largely because the U.S. now exports very few manuactures. And China's imports of ma…

When it Comes to Exporting (Manufactures), Europe is Now the One from Mars

May 22, 2020

COVID-19
Scaling Up African Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in a Time of COVID-19

Africa is vulnerable to disruptions in global supply chains caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly with respect to pharmaceuticals, because between 70 and 90 percent are imported. But it has underutilized capacity to make up the difference.

Michael Otieno, a pharmacist, smiles as he marks with a pen a bottle of anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs at the Mater Hospital in Kenya's capital Nairobi, on September 10, 2015. He is wearing a white doctor's coat and is framed by a wooden booth.

December 2, 2022

United States
A Divided Congress May Still Get Things Done

The experience of the soon-to-be-concluded 117th Congress offers some hope for the next two years

U.S. President Joe Biden signs the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act on the South Lawn at the White House in Washington, U.S. November 15, 2021.